UNDP has supported the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) in the development of a resource, "Effective Laws to End HIV and AIDS: Next Steps for Parliaments". This knowledge product provides examples of selected parliaments that have adopted rights-based laws to support effective HIV responses, particularly in relation to people living with HIV and key populations, including sex workers, transgender people and people who use drugs. By highlighting positive examples of parliamentary processes undertaken to pass rights-based laws that support effective HIV responses, the resource aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impacts on HIV and provide practical guidance to parliamentarians who are interested in supporting such rights-based law reform efforts to undertake the same, pursuant to global commitments that governments have made to introduce such legislation.
18 February, 2014
Dear Media Leaders in Uganda:
We are writing to you regarding a matter of urgent concern. As you know, Rosemary Namubiru, a Ugandan nurse, is currently on trial for negligence associated with the insertion of an intravenous needle into the arm of a 2-year-old hospital patient. Because the trial is in process, it is not our intention to discuss the details. The facts will be argued in court and a judgment will issue.
However, there is one aspect that must be addressed: the quality of the media reporting in the immediate aftermath of Rosemary's arrest. Unhappily, the media engaged in unabashed and unverified sensationalism. Rosemary was branded a "killer", guilty of maliciously and intentionally attempting to transmit her own HIV infection to a child. Subsequent to those allegations, the baseless rumour-mongering escalated: various news reports branded Rosemary a fiendish serial offender; a nurse who was mentally ill; a nurse without credentials.
The Week of Transgender Visibility recently took place in Porto Alegre, Brazil, with three days of events and initiatives supported within the AIDS Tchê initiative, part of a UN Integrated Plan designed to support the poorest and most remote areas of the country.
Porto Alegre is the Brazilian city with the highest incidence rate of AIDS: 99.8 per 100,000, while the national average is 17.9. A recent study from one of the city's hospitals indicates that seroprevalence among transgender women in Porto Alegre is quite high.
As you know, the Global Commission on HIV and the Law issued its report, HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health, in July 2012, presenting persuasive evidence and actionable recommendations which can save lives and money, while playing a transformative role in the AIDS response. Since then activities to advance the Report’s findings and recommendations have taken place in at least 84 countries and are classified under the following activities:
UNDP's HIV, Health & Development Group is pleased to launch a Discussion Paper on Transgender Health & Human Rights prepared by Jack Byrne, an expert on trans health and human rights issues. UNDP is grateful to the large number of trans people and other advocates for trans people's health and human rights who contributed to this paper at various stages.
The aim of this paper is primarily to inform UNDP's work and that of other UN agencies and foster greater understanding on the health and human rights issues that impact trans people and consequently influence their social marginalization. The broad themes traversed by this paper include violence, discrimination, health, legal gender recognition and social inclusion from multiple geographic and social contexts. The paper draws on the experiences of trans people around the world. Through Action Points contained in each section, the paper suggests practical ways that UN staff can employ to be more inclusive of trans people, both in daily interactions and in their broader work, particularly in the areas of HIV, health, the rule of law and development. It is hoped that this paper will also be useful for others in their work and advocacy, including trans advocates, human rights defenders and policymakers.