Historically, involuntary sterilization, as a means of achieving genetic 'strength' and implementing population control policies, has involved serious human rights violations. The most marginalized groups have been the target of these practices, which persist today and in some places are codified in law.
The people most often subjected to these abusive practices are women, especially those living in poverty, women living with HIV, women with disabilities, minority and indigenous women, and transgender and intersex persons.
The HIV Prevention and AIDS Control Act was passed by the Ugandan Parliament on 13 May 2014. We have learned with great dismay that the Act contains punitive provisions including the imposition of lengthy custodial sentences for the intentional transmission of HIV (up to 10 years) and attempted transmission (up to 5 years).
The HIV Prevention and AIDS Control Act was enacted despite an overwhelming body of evidence cited in our report and several other sources which show the harmful impact of these well-intentioned but ultimately misguided laws. Sadly, this development in Uganda is not isolated. Our report found that more than 60 countries around the world have criminalized at least one aspect of HIV transmission, exposure or non-disclosure.
New York - The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) released a new guidebook today encouraging low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to make greater use of competition law and policy to increase access to HIV treatment and other health technologies.
Governments and civil society actors in a growing number of countries have successfully used competition law to promote healthy, open and fair market conditions in the health technologies sector, "yet many others are only now recognizing the importance of competition law, and are beginning to devote more legislative and administrative resources to the field," Frederick Abbott, editor and one of the five authors of the Guidebook, said.
In recent years, Argentinian society has made significant progress as relates to the full exercise of citizens' rights. However, sexually diverse groups such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LBGT) people still face discriminatory situations affecting dramatically their quality of life.
Access to free public health services for LGBTs has always been problematic in Argentina. At UNDP, we consider that the system's shortcomings must be countered by concrete initiatives - such as the Friendly Clinics for Sexual Diversity. Financed by our Regional Office, the project involves setting up dedicated areas for LGBTs as part of the public health service. These areas are supervised through joint action by social organizations, local HIV programs and Public Hospital Services.
[Contributed by Andrea Pastorelli, UNDP China]
Access to legal-aid services for people living with HIV and most vulnerable populations is central to a more effective response to the HIV epidemic in China. Legal aid plays an important role in guaranteeing protection from discrimination, getting redress for rights violations and supporting access to HIV prevention and treatment services. Yet, the enforcement of even the most basic human rights for people living with HIV in China is difficult because of high levels of stigma, a serious shortage of legal aid services and concerns about the possible disclosure of people's identity during legal proceedings. A recent UNAIDS study  revealed that only 30% of HIV discrimination cases have judicial follow-up, with many potential clients being afraid of taking any legal action.