Technical Advisory Group

The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) advised the Commission on key technical issues and research related to HIV and the law focusing on the impacts of punitive and enabling legal environments on scaling up effective HIV responses. It assisted in the technical review of all materials placed before and produced by the Commission, and provided guidance on appropriate research questions and methodologies as well as Regional Issues Papers, which sought to highlight issues related to punitive and enabling laws, policies and practices, in the context of the specific regional considerations. Finally, the TAG advised the Commission on the Regional Dialogues and strategies for following up the findings and recommendations of the Commission.

The TAG was co-chaired by a Commissioner, The Hon. Michael Kirby, and a member, Mr. Allehone Mulugeta Abebe, both with expertise in HIV, human rights and the law. It comprised experts in the areas of law, human rights, HIV and public health, people living with HIV, and members of civil society and marginalised communities.

 

The Hon. Michael Kirby (Co-Chair) was appointed as Deputy President to the Australian Conciliation and Arbitration Commission in December 1974. In 1975 he was seconded to be the inaugural Chairman of the Australian Law Reform Commission. He served in thatpost until 1984. Between 1983 and 1984 he was a judge of the Federal Court of Australia followed by his appointment to the Presidencyof the New South Wales Court of Appeal. He was elevated to the High Court of Australia in February 1996 and retired from that Court on4 February 2009, six weeks short of the mandatory retiring age xed by Section 72 of the Constitution. Michael Kirby has participated inmany national and international bodies, including as President of the International Commission of Jurists and as the Special Representativeof the UN Secretary General for Human Rights in Cambodia. He has served in many agencies of the UN, most recently UNAIDS, UNODC, ILO,WHO, UNDP and UNESCO. In 2007, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights appointed him to be a member of the International JudicialReference Group of her Oce. He also serves as a member of the UNAIDS Global reference panel on human rights. On his retirement fromthe High Court Michael Kirby was elected an honorary life member of the Australian Bar Association and the NSW Bar Association. He is anhonorary Bencher of the Inner Temple, and Fellow of the Society of Legal Scholars, both in London, and of the American Law Institute andthe American Society of International Law in the United States. He holds fteen honorary degrees from Australian and overseas universities.In March 2009 he was elected a Fellow of the Institute of Arbitrators and Mediators, Australia and a member of the Council of that body.In 2010, he was also appointed to be a member of the Eminent Persons Group advising on the future of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Allehone Mulugeta Abebe (Co-Chair) is an Ethiopian diplomat and lawyer with substantial background in public health, human rightsand international law. Working as a human rights/legal expert in the Ethiopian Permanent Mission in Geneva, Switzerland since April2007, he has represented Ethiopia at the WHO, UNAIDS and the UN Human Rights Council. Most recently he has served as the chair of thebureau of UNAIDS Program Coordinating Board (2008-2009) and is a member of a task force on the implementation of UNAIDS’s SecondIndependent Evaluation. He has also served as coordinator of the African Group of experts on humanitarian aairs. Prior to his posting to theEthiopian Mission in Geneva, Mr. Abebe worked in dierent capacities at the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Aairs. He has negotiated severalmultilateral regional and international human rights instruments and resolutions. In Ethiopia, Mr. Abebe coordinated and served as one ofthe lead authors for the country’s public school text books on civic and human rights education which, among others, sought to incorporateHIV/AIDS prevention in national curricula. Mr. Abebe studied at the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria (winner of UNSECO prizefor human rights education, 2006) from where he holds an LLM in human rights law. He is currently writing a doctoral research on humanrights of internally displaced persons in Africa at the University of Bern. He is the author of several research materials in leading academicjournals. He lectures and speaks widely in international conferences.

JVR Prasada Rao is presently the UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Asia-Pacific. Prior to that, he was the Special Advisor to the Executive Director, UNAIDS for the Asia-Pacic region, based in New Delhi, India,providing strategic advice and support to the Executive Director on AIDS-related policy and implementation issues. He is the formerPermanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health, Government of India. In that role he was instrumental in drafting the National Health Policy,the National AIDS Prevention and Control Policy and the National Blood Transfusion Policy of India. He also initiated a large Reproductive& Child Health (RCH) project for the country. He served as the Regional Director, UNAIDS Asia Pacic Oce from 2004 to 2009 and wasthe Director of India’s National AIDS Control Organisation between 1997 and 2002, contributing to the successful launch of an enhanced,decentralised national AIDS response. Prasada Rao also served as Member Secretary to the Commission on AIDS in Asia and the Commissionon AIDS in the Pacic. He has participated in important global initiatives, including the Transitional Working Group (TWG) for the GlobalFund to Fight Against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the High Level Forum established jointly by the World Bank, the World HealthOrganisation, and bilateral donors to monitor achievement of health-related Millennium Development Goals. He was also a member of theUNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board.

Aziza Ahmed is Assistant Professor of Law at Northeastern University Law School in Boston, Massachusetts. She was previously workingwith the Program on International Health and Human Rights (PIHHR) at the Harvard School of Public Health. Ms. Ahmed was a Women’sLaw and Public Policy Fellow with the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (ICW) supported by the Ford Foundation. Amongst other projects at ICW, Ms. Ahmed helped launch a project documenting the forced and coerced sterilisation of HIV positivewomen in Namibia. Ms. Ahmed has previously been a consultant to UNIFEM in the Eastern Caribbean and has worked with human rightsorganisations in Southern Africa, India, the United States, and the Caribbean. Ms. Ahmed’s current research focuses on issues of HIV/AIDS,gender, sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and the intersection of criminal law and public health. She received her lawdegree from the University of California, Berkeley and her Master of Science in Population and International Health from the Harvard Schoolof Public Health.

Jonathan Berger is a senior researcher and head of policy and research at SECTION27, incorporating the AIDS Law Project. After servingas the legal education and advice ocer at the National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality from 1997 to 1999, he clerked for JusticeCatherine O’Regan of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. Jonathan has been a member of the Medicines Control Council of South Africasince June 2009, and was appointed to the board of governors of Holy Family College – an independent school in Johannesburg – in early2010. He is also an honorary research fellow at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, where he co-teaches courses on HIV/AIDS & the Law and Medicines, Rights & Regulation. Until late 2007, Jonathan chaired the board of the Lesbian and Gay Equality Project,where he was integrally involved in the successful constitutional challenge to the exclusion of same-sex couples from the marriage laws ofSouth Africa. He holds degrees in architecture and law from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, as well as a Master of Lawsdegree from the University of Toronto that focused on the relationship between access to treatment for HIV/AIDS, international trade lawand domestic constitutional law.

Chris Beyrer is Professor of Epidemiology, International Health and Health, Behavior and Society at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Schoolof Public Health. He is the founder and Director of the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at Johns Hopkins, which is engaged inresearch, teaching, and policy work on public health and human rights issues. He also serves as Associate Director for Public Health of theJohns Hopkins Center for Global Health, a consortium of the Schools of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing.He has served as Director of theJHU Fogarty AIDS International Training & Research Program. In 2008 Dr. Beyrer was elected to the Governing Council of the InternationalAIDS Society as a representative for North America. He currently has HIV/AIDS program or training activities in Thailand, China, Burma,India, Kazakhstan, Russia, Malawi, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Namibia and Botswana. Dr. Beyrer has served as a consultant to theOce for AIDS Research of the U.S. NIH, the World Bank, amfAR, the International Partnership for Microbicides, the Asia Society, the LeviStrauss Foundation, and The Thai Red Cross Program on AIDS. He is a member of the Global Health Advisory Committee of the Open SocietyInstitute and a Trustee of the Institute for Asian Democracy. Dr. Beyrer has an undergraduate degree in History from Hobart & Wm. SmithColleges, did his medical school training at the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY, and his public healthand infectious diseases training at Johns Hopkins.

Scott Burris is a Professor of Law at Temple University, where he directs the Center for Health Law, Policy and Practice, and the Robert WoodJohnson Foundation’s Public Health Law Research program. His work focuses on how law inuences public health, and what interventionscan make laws and law enforcement practices healthier in their eects. He is the author of over 100 books, book chapters, articles andreports on issues including urban health, HIV/AIDS, research ethics, global health governance, and the health eects of criminal law anddrug policy. His work has been supported by organisations including the Open Society Institute, the National Institutes of Health, the Billand Melinda Gates Foundation, the UK Department for International Development, and the CDC. He has served as a consultant to numerousU.S. and international organisations including WHO, UNODC and UNDP. He has been a visiting scholar at RegNet at the Australian NationalUniversity, and a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Cape Town Law School. Professor Burris is a graduate of Washington University in St.Louis and Yale Law School.

Joanne Csete is associate professor of Clinical Population and Family Health at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, NewYork. She focuses her research and teaching on health and human rights, particularly the impact of criminalisation and gender-basedsubordination on access to health services for people who use drugs, sex workers, and others vulnerable to HIV. At Human Rights Watch andthe Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, she documented and engaged in advocacy on human rights abuses against marginalised peoplefacing severe health risks in more than 20 countries. She worked on HIV/AIDS and other health and nutrition programs and policies inAfrica for over 10 years, including in complex emergency situations. She holds a PhD from Cornell University, a Master of Public Health fromColumbia, and a bachelor’s degree from Princeton University.

Mandeep Dhaliwal joined the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) HIV/AIDS Group in December 2008 as the Human Rights,Gender and Sexual Diversities Cluster Leader. She is a physician and a lawyer and most recently she was working as an independentconsultant on issues of health, human rights and HIV and served as a senior advisor to the Dutch Royal Tropical Institute’s Programme onAIDS. Her previous experience includes working for the International HIV/AIDS Alliance’s Policy, Research and Good Practice Team in theUnited Kingdom. At the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Mandeep was instrumental in expanding the Alliance’s technical support andpolicy work on issues of HIV care, treatment and support in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and Latin America. While at the Alliance, she ledthe development of an operations research initiative in Zambia on community engagement for anti-retroviral treatment. Mandeep wasthe founding coordinator of the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit in India, establishing the Unit’s legal aid, capacity building, research,advocacy and legal literacy work. Mandeep obtained her M.D. and LLB in Canada, and has extensive experience working with peopleliving with HIV and other key populations (e.g.: sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender people and people who use drugs)in India and a number of developing countries in Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe.

Sophie Dilmitis is a human rights advocate with a deep commitment for the rights of women and young people. Sophie has been livingwith HIV for 16 years and her professional experience includes working in the women’s and AIDS movements. She has lived and worked indeveloping and developed countries and has an excellent understanding of issues and challenges around HIV in diverse country contexts.Sophie has worked with young people living with HIV on stigma and discrimination, disclosure, self-empowerment and oered capacitybuilding to develop their own eective prevention programmes. In 2003, Sophie ran an award winning weekly newspaper column calledFactor Positive, on issues related to HIV for the Sunday Mirror, Harare. In 2001 Sophie founded the Choose Life Trust in Zimbabwe, anorganisation that addressed HIV in communities and schools. Sophie’s work, grounded in human rights and the Greater Involvementof People Living with HIV (GIPA) extended beyond Zimbabwe. Since 2006, Sophie has worked for the World YWCA as the Sexual andReproductive Health and Rights and HIV Coordinator, in Geneva. At the global level Sophie has advocated for policies and programmesthat work for all women in communities. Sophie has also presented and written extensively on issues related to women, SRHR andHIV. She has worked on numerous global policy processes, brokered high level discussions and facilitated presentations and trainings toaddress dierent aspects of development and human rights for women around HIV.

Vivek Divan, a lawyer from Bombay, works with the UNDP HIV/AIDS Group’s cluster on Human Rights, Gender and Sexual Diversities inNew York. As Coordinator of Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit in India from 2000 to 2007 he oversaw and was involved in the legal aid,advocacy, research, capacity-building and legal literacy work of the Unit. In that time he was part of the team that drafted legislation onHIV/AIDS for India and strategized campaigns and lobbying on law and human rights issues related to sex work and treatment access. Hewas closely involved in the public interest litigation related to Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, India’s anti-sodomy law, includinglegal research and strategy and extensive community mobilisation around the case. He has been an outspoken activist on human rights asthey relate to HIV and LGBT issues in India. In 2002 he provided his expertise to re-drafting of Guideline 6 of the International Guidelineson Human Rights & HIV/AIDS. In 2008 and 2009 as Senior Advisor-HIV/AIDS at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam he taught inits Masters in Public Health course. He has been on the International Advisory Board of the International Gay & Lesbian Human RightsCommission since 2000. He obtained a BA LLB from the National Law School of India University in 1994 and an LLM from the CornellUniversity School of Law in 1995.

Richard Elliott is the Executive Director of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Before joining the Legal Network 11 years ago, hewas a civil litigator in private practice and appeared before various levels of Canadian courts, including the Supreme Court of Canada. Hehas served on the boards of various HIV and human rights organisations. Between 2001 and 2007, he was a member of the MinisterialCouncil on HIV/AIDS, an expert body advising Canada’s federal Minister of Health. He has served as technical advisor to UNAIDS andWHO on HIV-related legal issues, and was the rapporteur and principal author for the international expert consultation that producedthe updated International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights issued by UNAIDS and the Oce of the UN High Commissionerfor Human Rights. He has presented widely at international conferences and at the UN General Assembly, testied before numerousParliamentary committees on HIV-related legal issues, and has authored numerous reports, papers and articles on various legal andhuman rights issues related to HIV/AIDS. He currently holds a Community Leadership in Justice Fellowship from the Law Foundation ofOntario at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law. Richard holds an undergraduate degree in economics and philosophy from Queen’sUniversity in Kingston, Ontario, and obtained his LLB and LLM from the Osgoode Hall Law School of York University, Toronto.

Sofia Gruskin is the Director of the Program on International Health and Human Rights and an Associate Professor in the Department ofGlobal Health and Population at the Harvard School of Public Health. Her work emphasises the conceptual, methodological, policy andpractice implications of linking health to human rights, with particular attention to HIV/AIDS, women, children, gender issues, sexuality andvulnerable populations. She has extensive experience in research, training and programmatic work with nongovernmental, governmentaland intergovernmental organisations working in the elds of health and human rights around the world. Professor Gruskin is the principalinvestigator for several UNAIDS, WHO and UNFPA sponsored projects intended to strengthen the health and human rights research and policyagenda – particularly in the areas of HIV/AIDS, sexual and reproductive health, child and adolescent health and gender-based violence.At a programmatic level, current eorts include clarifying the value of human rights for making public health work more eective throughthe design and testing of models and tools in a range of countries and documenting the eects of legal and policy environments on peopleliving with HIV and other key populations. Professor Gruskin serves on numerous boards and committees nationally and internationally, andwithin the Harvard School of Public Health serves as chair of The Group on Reproductive Health and Rights, Harvard Center for Populationand Development Studies, and co-director of the Interdisciplinary Concentration on Women, Gender and Health. She holds a JD and aMaster of International Aairs.

Wendy Isaack is a human rights activist and lawyer from South Africa. From 2000-2005, Wendy worked as a Legal Advisor for the Lesbianand Gay Equality Project. Until December 2009, Wendy was employed as a Candidate Attorney by the Legal Resources Centre, South Africa’slargest public interest law centre. She is currently working as Manager of the Legal Services & Advocacy Programme for People OpposingWomen Abuse, a women’s rights organisation based in Johannesburg. Her work has focused on women’s rights, specically violence againstwomen and the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. In her professional and feminist activist work over the years, shehas developed and implemented multi-pronged women’s rights legal advocacy strategies at national, regional and international levels.She has engaged extensively in law and policy reform processes, including making written and oral submissions in parliament on lawsthat impact on violence against women, sexual minorities and other vulnerable and marginalised groups. Wendy Isaack has been activelyengaged in human rights advocacy work at the African Commission on Human & Peoples’ Rights, the Human Rights Council and the UnitedNations Commission on the Status of Women. She holds a B. Proc degree from the University of Durban-Westville (1995-2000) and an LLMin International Human Rights Law from the University of Ulster in Northern Ireland (2005-2007).

Rick Lines is the Deputy Director of the International Harm Reduction Association in London. A Canadian citizen, he has been workingin HIV/AIDS, human rights and drug policy research and advocacy since the early 1990s. Rick is known for his leading work on prisoners’ rights, harm reduction and the death penalty for drug oences, and regularly published and speaks internationally on these and otherissues. Rick has held senior posts with non-governmental organisations in Canada, Ireland and the United Kingdom, and has actedas a technical assistance advisor on HIV in prisons for several UN agencies. He is a Core Member of the Reference Group to the UnitedNations on HIV/AIDS and Injecting Drug Use, and in 2009 co-founded the International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy. He holdsMasters Degrees in both Sociology and International Human Rights Law, and is currently a PhD candidate in Law at the Irish Centrefor Human Rights.

Annie Madden is currently the Executive Ocer of the Australian Injecting & Illicit Drug Users League (AIVL) which is the national peakorganisation representing people who use illicit drugs and those on opioid substitution treatment (OST) in Australia. She has been workingin the areas of injecting drug use, HIV, hepatitis C, peer education and drug user representation for 20 years. Annie has a degree in thesocial sciences majoring in politics, gender representations and Asian societies and cultures. She is currently undertaking postgraduatestudies in law with an interest in drug law reform, human rights and international law. As an activist and advocate Annie has experience inrepresenting the drug user perspective in research, program development, in the media and through parliamentary and ministerial advisorystructures. At the international level Annie has represented drug users in a range of UN and other fora and is acting as representative of theInternational Network of People Who Use Drugs (INPUD) on the TAG for the Global Commission on HIV & the Law.

Kevin Moody is the International Coordinator and CEO of the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+). Since Kevin joined GNP+in 2006, GNP+ has developed evidence-gathering and advocacy tools driven by people living with HIV based on their needs. UnderKevin’s leadership, GNP+ has grown into a strong, eective and accountable network representing people living with HIV globally withits roots rmly planted in networks at country level. Prior to GNP+, Kevin worked as a Technical Ocer for WHO from 2003-2006, wherehe focussed on HIV treatment preparedness, as well as the competency and certication of health workers. From 2000-2002, he workedwith the Medecins Sans Frontieres’ Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, helping country teams to implement aordable treatmentprogrammes for HIV, TB, malaria and often-ignored tropical diseases, such as Leishmaniasis. Kevin started his career as a pharmacistin Canada in community and hospital pharmacies. From 1991-1998, he taught Pharmacy Administration and directed the ContinuingPharmacy Education Programme at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Pharmacy(BScPhm, 1986); Master of Business Administration (MBA, 1991) and Doctor of Education (EdD, 2000).

Vitit Muntarbhorn has been working at the Faculty of Law, Chulalongkorn University, in Bangkok, for more than 30 years. He was also a Lecturer and Trainer at many human rights programmes in Thailand and other countries. He was the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography from 1990-1994, and from 2005 has been the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea). His work mostly deals with human rights issues, including the rights of sexual minorities. He was invited as a guest speaker, a panellist, or a participant at many seminars focusing on such issue. In 2004, he was awarded the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education. He received his Bachelor and Master degrees of Laws from Oxford University.

Cheryl Overs, began advocating for sex work law reforminMelbourne in theearly 1980’s and co-founded local and national sex workers organisations, the Prostitutes Collectives of Australia, which campaigned successfully for law reform and pioneered rights-based harm reduction services early in the HIV pandemic. In Europe from 1989, she focussed on networking among sex worker groups internationally and inuencing international policy on sex work and HIV through the Asia Pacic Network of Sex Workers and the Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP) which she founded with Brazilian activist Paulo Henrique Longo.Since 2000, Cheryl has worked for INGOs, sex work networks, UN agencies and human rights organisations providing technical support to HIV programmes for male, female and transgender sex workers in several countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. From 2009, Cheryl works as a Senior Research Fellow in the Michael Kirby Centre for Public Health and Human Rights at Monash University, where she focuses on developing understandings of the impact of economic and legal conditions on sex workers health and human rights that can betterinform interventions and policy. She also works within the Paulo Longo Research Initiative, agroup of academics and sex workers conducting research and policy analysis linked to the NSWP. Cheryl is currently Co-chair of the Global Village Working Group for the 2010 International Conference on AIDS. She has published various articles, reports and book chapters based on her own experiences in the eld. She was born in Australia and lived in Melbourne where she worked in the sex industry and studied Legal Studies at Latrobe University.

Tracy Robinson is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Law, University of the West Indies (UWI) Cave Hill, Barbados. She joined the Faculty of Law as a lecturer in 1996, having completed postgraduate degrees at University of Oxford and Yale Law School. She course directs undergraduate courses in Family Law, Gender and the Law, Constitutional Law and Commonwealth Caribbean Human Rights Law. In addition to her academic publications in the area of public law, family law, gender and citizenship and legal feminism, she has authored and co-authored a number of important expert reports on the law in the Caribbean relating to sexual harassment, sex work, children and intimate domestic relationships and same-sex sexuality. Between 1997 and 2005 she served as the editor of the Caribbean Law Bulletin, a UWI Faculty of Law publication that highlighted current legal developments in the Caribbean. She is a co-founder and a co-coordinator of the UWI human rights litigation project (Faculty of Law UWI Rights Advocacy Project, U-RAP).

Purna Sen, prior to joining the Commonwealth Secretariat was with Amnesty International as Director for the Asia-Pacic Programme andhad previously taught Gender and Development at the Development Studies Institute (DESTIN) at the London School of Economics (LSE).Since the early 1990s, her work has included research, publications and activism on violence against women, culture and human rights,particularly in relation to sexual violence, tracking, civil society organising against violence, as well as social development issues andrace equality in the UK. She has worked in a number of countries including India, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia and the Nordic region. Shehas regional expertise in Asia and the Pacic, engaging especially in the conict areas of Sri Lanka and Nepal and has worked on humanrights issues in Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, South Korea and many other countries in the region. She has consulted with manyorganisations including Article 19 and the British Council. She holds a visiting senior fellowship at DESTIN.

Susan Timberlake was a sta member of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) for 19 years where she functionedas a UNHCR Protection Ocer in Thailand, as the UNHCR Legal Ocer in the United States, as the UNHCR Senior Legal Advisor for Asia andthe Pacic, and as Executive Assistant to the Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees. Seconded from UNHCR, she served as the HumanRights Advisor for the WHO Global Programme on AIDS (1994-1996); and as Senior Human Rights and Policy Advisor for UNAIDS (1996-2000). From 2000-2004, she worked as an independent consultant for UNAIDS, WHO, UNFPA, UNIFEM and others. In November 2004, Susanrejoined UNAIDS as the Senior Human Rights and Law Adviser. She and her team work to promote a human rights-based approach and aprotective legal environment for the HIV epidemic with governments, civil society, and multilateral institutions. She received a Bachelor ofArts in anthropology from Stanford University in 1976. In 1982, she graduated Cum Laude from the University of Georgia School of Law, andin 1984 received an LLM in international law from Cambridge University in England.

Matthew Weait is Reader in Socio-Legal Studies and Assistant Dean in the School of Law, Birkbeck College, University of London. He hasheld academic posts at the University of Oxford (1986-1992), Birkbeck College (1992-1999), the Open University (2000-2004) and KeeleUniversity (2004-2007). He has been a Visiting Professor at Cardozo Law School, the American Bar Foundation and the Centre for FeministLegal Studies at the University of British Columbia. In 2002-2003 he was Parliamentary Research Ocer at the Odysseus Trust, where hesupported Lord Lester of Herne Hill QC in his work on the Joint Committee on Human Rights. Matthew studied law and criminology at theUniversity of Cambridge and completed his doctoral research at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford. Matthew’s researchcentres on the impact of law on people living with HIV and AIDS, with particular emphasis on human rights and the legal construction ofresponsibility and the relationship between law and public health. His monograph, Intimacy and Responsibility: the Criminalisation of HIVTransmission was published by Routledge in 2007. He has been a member the Expert Advisory Group on AIDS (Department of Health) andhas worked in an advisory capacity for a number of international organisations, including the WHO, HIV in Europe and UNAIDS.